Green Houses Directive, what changes: all the stops and obligations


Emma Potter

Green Houses Directive, what changes: buildings to be renovated

To meet the objectives at least 16% of public buildings with the worst performance it will go renovated by 2030 And 26% by 2033.

For those residential it will be about reduce by 16% the energy consumption of buildings by 2030And by 22% by 2035 to reach the zero emissions expected for the entire housing stock in 2050. In Italy there are 12.2 million buildings, half of which are in the lowest energy classes.

To guarantee flexibility to governments, states will be able to choose to apply exemptions for historic buildings and buildings of high architectural value, for agricultural buildings, for military purposes and for those used only temporarily. The individual national restructuring plans will have to include a roadmap to indicate the way forward to achieve the objectives, with measurable indicators of progress.

Heating and incentives

Beyond the general interventions with the Green Houses directive, the end of tax breaks for gas boilers starting from 1 January next year. From this date it will be possible to recognize tax breaks only for hybrid systemsi.e. for systems consisting of a gas boiler combined with a heat pump made in such a way that they can be used even without replacing the radiators.

With these systems it is actually possible reduce the gas supply for heating using the heat pump function. For those who want change boiler immediately for systems of this type you will still be able to take advantage of the 65% Ecobonus with deduction over ten years, or of the GSE thermal account which allows you to have an immediate reimbursement of the expense with the same rate, and which applies both to individual apartments and condominiums. Also subsidized with the same rate heat pump boilershowever, intended only for condominiums and villas due to their size, and which actually make the most of them only if combined with solar panels.

Panels with discounts and incentive rates

For the photovoltaic systemsFurthermore, until next December 31st it is possible to count on 50% deductionwhich is recognized not only for those who install the panels for the first time but even in the case of revampingi.e. for interventions to upgrade the system already in operation, both with the addition of new elements and with the replacement of old ones with new, more efficient ones.

The bonus will be possible combine with incentive rates for the energy produced and self-consumed, which will be recognized by the GSE for a period of 20 years.

The incentives will go not only to CERs but also to self-consumption groups at condominium level and to those who connect to photovoltaic systems from other producers. Among other things, as foreseen in the CER decree, more and more space will be given to Escos, the Energy Service Companies, i.e. certified companies that will deal with both the construction of the plant and its management, maintaining its ownership and therefore realizing it at no cost to users.

Change the windows to reduce consumption

However, those who decide to reduce consumption immediately will still be able to count on the 50% window bonus. Changing your windows can save up to 20% on heating costs.

50% bonus also for those who decide to install solar awnings to reduce the use of air conditioners in summer. Those who decide to install intelligent systems for the automatic management of all air conditioning systems by focusing on home automation can instead count on the 65% tax discount.

The discount on the invoice is back but only for low incomes

As for the reform of tax incentives which must be operational from next year, as announced by the government, the focus will be on differentiated rates based on energy efficiency levels and the objectives to be achieved at building level.

Invoice discounts and credit transfer will also returnbut only for taxpayers with the lowest incomes, on the model of what was envisaged last year for the Superbonus in villas.