Who should check the maintenance of the building?


Emma Potter

A building it must not be abandoned to itself. After its construction, whether it is a new construction or a renovation and maintenance intervention, someone must take care of it keep it running.

L'absence of maintenance or relying exclusively on sporadic, unplanned, random and urgent interventions, they speed up aging. L'aging leads to degradation and often to the loss of functionality of the constituent elements as well as of the systems.

Let's see what they are hitches and the critical issues affecting buildings e who should predict them. This article is extracted from the volume Ordinary maintenance of buildings and systems by Paola Triacapublished by Maggioli Editore.

Lack of maintenance and loss of value of the building

The building is often an investment for life, of life and postponing aging means protecting the asset and the consequent investment, limiting the loss of value that the passing of the years inevitably brings with it. The building is made up of structures and systems, both components require the right attention, but especially the plant engineering is maintenance-hungry.

Buildings are increasingly smart, technological and their activation and regulation is often entrusted to applications controlled by smartphones. There digitization of the buildingon the one hand allows personalized performances that meet needs, on the other hand, however, it requires that the entire building-system machine works perfectly not being able to rely on the resilient capabilities of human management: there is no room for on-the-fly adaptation, everything works if and only if each component performs its job without a hitch.

The objective of maintenance is therefore check the critical issues making them not urgent emergencies, but expected events with an intervention carried out in time.

Hiccups and critical issues: who should foresee them?

I distinguish in isolated buildings or attributable to a single owner and multiple buildings, condominiumsregardless of the intended use. In fact, the condominium can also have a destination other than exclusive residential: promiscuity is frequent, with commercial/accommodation destinations next to residences/offices/collective garages, but also condominiums where the destination is productive or artisanal.

Single-family buildings or those attributable to a single owner: the person in charge of ordinary maintenance, i.e. implementing all the precautions that allow the building to have a long life, is the owner and for minor repairs, if any, the tenant. The civil code, atart. 1576clearly defines the roles and actions that everyone must introduce, recognising, albeit not explicitly, the need to act for the maintenance of the building.

The owner keeps note of the checks and interventions that guarantee the function of each component, and programs all the actions that keep the components functioning.
Article 1576 of the civil code “Maintenance of property in good rental condition. The landlord must carry out, during the lease, all necessary repairs, except for minor maintenance which are the responsibility of the tenant”.

Multiple buildings, condominiums regardless of intended use: whether they are minimal or with hundreds of real estate units, the person responsible for ordinary maintenance is theinterim administrator.

The civil code atart. 1130 lists the obligations of the professional and, al number 4indicate: “carry out conservation actions relating to the common parts of the building” albeit within the limits of the choices imposed by the owners and the budgets made available to them. Those responsible are well defined. The actors responsible for actions aimed at safeguarding the buildings are indicated by the civil code and, in the case of condominium buildings, conservative activity is an obligation.

To find out more, continue reading from the volume

The volume Ordinary maintenance of buildings and systems Paola Triaca aims to be a guide for those who find themselves having to deal with real estate even though they are not technical professionals. The guide, combined with the final checklistwill allow you to have all the deadlines under control so as to plan the periodic checks and maintenance that is useful and appropriate to carry out.