Workplace safety, victims and injuries on the rise: construction sector the hardest hit


Emma Potter

Now that we have reached the middle of the year, it is possible to take stock of the incidence of accidents at work, a balance which unfortunately is not positive: they are 369 victims at work (286 on the occasion of work and 83 in itinere), 11 more than in 2023 (+3.1%), of which 57 in the construction sectorthe most affected of all. In red zone Valle D’Aosta, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Sicily and Puglia; Veneto is the region with the lowest mortality rate.

The number of overall accident reports also continues to grow (fatal and non-fatal): +2.1% compared to May 2023. This is in summary what was reported by the analysis of the Vega Engineering Workplace Safety and Environment Observatory in Mestre. Let’s take a closer look at this data.

Accidents at work, data updated to May 2024

“Having almost reached the halfway point of the year, the projection for the end of 2024 of victims at work already seems to be tragic and similar to that of previous years. From January to May 2024, there were 369 victims, 11 more than at the end of May 2023. Compared to the same period last year Unfortunately, work-related deaths are increasing by +5.5%. And this is the most significant and discouraging data, because it is the one that tells of a worsening of safety conditions in the workplace”.

Mauro RossatoPresident of the Vega Engineering Workplace Safety and Environment Observatory, expresses his concern following the reading of the latest survey carried out by his team of experts on the increase in deaths at work. “But as always – Rossato claims – Incidence is the real risk indicator for workers in our countrysince we are talking about victims in relation to the working population. A figure that concretely indicates the areas at greatest risk and which is proposed as mapping valuable for all those who work for safety at work”.

Risk of fatal injuries, region by region

L’incidence of fatal accidents indicates the number of workers who died while working in a given area (region or province) every million employed people present in the sameThis index allows you to compare the accident phenomenon between different regions, even though they are characterised by a different working population.

To end up in red zone (incidence of accidents higher than 125% of the national average incidence) at the end of May 2024, with an incidence higher than +25% compared to the national average (Im=Average incidence index, equal to 12.1 deaths at work per million workers) are, as we anticipated at the beginning: Valle d’Aosta, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Sicily and Puglia.

In Orange zone (incidence of accidents between the national average and 125% of the national average incidence): Calabria. In yellow zone (incidence of accidents between 75% of the national average incidence and the national average value): Abruzzo, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont, Tuscany, Basilicata, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Molise. In white zone (injury incidence lower than 75% of the national average incidence): Lazio, Sardinia, Marche and Veneto.

Groups most at risk: over 65s and foreigners

Even in the first five months of the year the Mestre Observatory processes theidentikit of workers most at risk by age group. And it always does so through mortality rates (per million employed). This last figure continues to be worrying among the older workers. In fact, the highest incidence is recorded in the age group of workers over sixty-five (with an impact of 55.0), followed by the group of workers between 55 and 64 years of age (with an incidence of 19.4).

The foreigners 62 out of a total of 286 people died at work in the first five months of the year, with a risk of death at work that is more than double that of Italians. And, in fact, foreigners register 26.1 deaths per million employed, compared to 10.6 of Italians who lose their lives while working.

Fatal accidents in the construction industry

At the end of the first five months of 2024 it is still the Construction sector with the highest number of work-related deaths: there are 57. The Construction sector is followed by Manufacturing Activities (37), Transport and Warehousing (25) and Trade (18). The age group numerically most affected by fatal accidents at work in construction is that between 55 and 64 years old (99 out of a total of 286).

The women who lost their lives at work at the end of May 2024 are 21, while 8 lost their lives in itinere, that is, on the way from home to work. foreigners 62 people died at work, while 17 died due to an accident while commuting.

The Tuesday It turns out to be the most mournful day of the week, or rather the one in which the most fatal accidents occurred in the first five months of the year (23.1%).

Injury reports on the rise, data as of May 2024

The Total injury reports increase by 2.1% compared to May 2023. In fact, they were 245,857 at the end of May 2023, in 2024 they went to 251.132.

Even at the end of May 2024, the highest number of total complaints comes from Manufacturing Activities (29,256); followed by: Buildings (14,469), Health (14,370), Transport and Storage (13,266) and Trade (12,911). Some other data on accident reports:

  • In May 2024, there were 91,441 reports of injuries among female workers, and 159,691 among male colleagues.
  • Reports of accidents at work (excluding accidents on the way to and from work) were 212,803 at the end of May 2024: 72,241 were women and 140,562 were men.
  • The number of accident reports at work by Italians is 171,584, while the number by foreigners is 41,219.
  • The age group most affected at work and in itinere is that between 45 and 54 years old with 53,420 reports (21.3% of the total).

Download here the statistics elaborated by the Vega Observatory

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Article taken from the press release of the Vega Engineering Workplace Safety and Environment Observatory.