Who pays the fines for incorrect separate waste collection in a condominium? the Supreme Court responds


Emma Potter

The question of responsibility for sanctions related to poor management of separate waste collection in condominium contexts was recently clarified by a ruling of the Court of Cassation.

The topic, often a source of confusion and conflict within condominiums, sees the emergence of a clearer regulatory framework, which clearly distinguishes the responsibilities of the condominium administrator from other condominium owners.

But what exactly does this ruling mean for the administrator and the condominium owners? What are the real consequences of inadequate waste management in a condominium? And how could this decision affect future condominium disputes?

Details of the ruling and implications for the condominium administrator

With sentence no. 4561, the Court of Cassation provided fundamental clarifications regarding the responsibilities in the event of incorrect management of separate waste collection in condominiums.

According to the Court, thecondominium administrator is not responsible of infringements related to separate waste collection, unless direct participation or negligence in such violations is demonstrated. This principle establishes that the administrator, acting under a mandate contract, is liable only for his own acts, commissions or omissions, and not for the actions of individual condominium owners.

Furthermore, the Court of Cassation clarified that there are no rules that impose joint and several liability on the administrator for violations committed by individual condominium owners, nor can these be deduced from regulatory provisions such as those contained in the regulation for the management of urban waste of the Municipality of Rome.

These rules, in fact, are aimed directly at users, including administrators, for the correct custody and use of waste containers, but do not imply joint liability for the administrator with the condominiums.

Who has to pay the fine for inadequate separate waste collection in a condominium?

When a violation of waste separation regulations occurs in a condominium, the question of who actually has to pay the fine becomes central.

As we said previously if direct responsibility of the director cannot be demonstrated of condominium in infringements, the sanctions should be addressed to the individual condominium owners responsible for the violation.

However, in practice, it is often difficult to identify the individual offender, especially in large condominiums where many inhabitants use the same waste containers.

In these cases, the condominium administrator, acting as the legal representative of the condominium community, receives notification of the sanction. It is then his duty to inform the condominium assembly, which will have to collectively decide what to do, often resulting in the payment of the fine through the condominium's common fund, which will subsequently be divided among all the condominiums.


Sentence no. 4561 of the Court of Cassation represents a turning point in the definition of responsibility for waste management in the condominium context. By establishing that the condominium administrator is not responsible for violations of condominium waste collection, unless directly implicated, greater clarity and security is offered for those who hold this role.